CHEMICAL SECURITY IN NIGERIA: A CASE STUDY OF SELECTED UPSTREAM OIL AND GAS FACILITIES
This study evaluated the chemical security risks associated with chemical facilities in the upstream oil and gas sector in Nigeria concerning the chemicals they possess, their prevailing security measures, susceptibilities, malicious use and sabotage. The facilities were grouped into various categories such as, very low, low, moderate, high and very high risks using the chemical security risk self-assessment model (CHEM-SAM). Of the seven facilities that were investigated; findings indicated that Facilities II and VII pose low risks, Facilities I and IV pose moderate risks, whereas Facilities III, V and VI pose high risks. Also, there were variations in the security configurations of these facilities. Some had perimeter fences with installed intrusion detection systems, such as, alarms with well-trained onsite guards/mobile policemen as well as chemical cabinets/buildings housing chemicals with electronic access controls. Others had a few of these security components. From these findings, it would appear that there are no standardized chemical security regulations and/or policies in Nigeria for the upstream oil and gas facilities.